Hans Ruedi Giger (/ˈɡiːɡər/ GHEE-gər; German: [ˈɡiːɡər]; 5 February 1940 – 12 May 2014) was a Swiss artist best known for his airbrushed images that blended human physiques with machines, an art style known as "biomechanical". Giger later abandoned airbrush for pastels, markers and ink. He was part of the special effects team that won an Academy Award for the visual design of Ridley Scott's 1979 sci-fi horror film Alien.
Giger is known for his monotone paintings with strong shading and "grotesque imagery. He often creates works in a style he calls "biomechanoid" or "biomechanical," which is a fusion of human body parts, such as the skull and spine, and mechanical forms, such as jagged tubes. They often use human genitalia as a motif. In the case of the "Alien" film, the adult and juvenile alien heads are based on the phallus, and the lower face of the facehugger is based on the female vulva. Giger's originality, which he calls his own expression of biomechanoid, has earned him many fans in the music industry. He also designs music cover art and equipment, and his popularity with H. R. Giger is evident in the fact that he has attracted artists from around the world, including Emerson Lake and Palmer (ELP), Kirkus, Danzig, Debbie Harry, Dead Kennedys, KORN, and HIDE.
His work is on permanent display at the H.R. Giger Museum in Gruyères, Switzerland. His style has been adapted to many forms of media, including album covers, furniture, and tattoos.